Archive for the ‘Südamerika’ Category

Kolumbien eröffnet Ermittlung wegen Mord an Schweizer Missionarin neu

Thursday, May 23rd, 2013

Nur kurz: Wie El Tiempo soeben berichtet, wird die Ermittlung wegen Mordes an einer Schweizerin und zwei kolumbianischen Bauern neu eröffnet. Könnte ein weiterer Schritt im Friedensprozess in Kolumbien darstellen. Seit über 40 Jahren wütet in Kolumbien ein lokaler Bürgerkrieg zwischen dem Staat, paramilitärischen Gruppen und kommunistischen Guerillas. Die meisten Opfer dieses Konfliktes sind Zivilisten – wie in diesem Fall.

Hier das Original in Spanisch (mehr dazu später):

En el hecho murieron una misionera suiza y dos campesinos. Justicia Militar había cerrado proceso.

En uno de los más fuertes pronunciamientos sobre la ineficiencia y parcialidad de la Justicia Penal Militar, la Corte Suprema de Justicia tumbó la absolución que hace 23 años favoreció a un teniente, un suboficial y doce soldados que en 1990 asesinaron a la religiosa suiza Hildegard María Feldman y a dos habitantes de un caserío en selvas de Nariño.

El caso, considerado como uno de los primeros ‘falsos positivos’ y que le valió al país duros cuestionamientos en la Comisión Interamericana de Justicia, fue presentado por las autoridades militares de la zona, y luego refrendado por la justicia militar, como resultado del fuego cruzado en combate. La Corte, casi un cuarto de siglo después, decidió que esas muertes “de ninguna manera pueden considerarse actos propios del servicio o consecuencia de éste, en lo que corresponde a la Fuerza Pública”, y ordenó que el caso lo reasuma la Fiscalía General.

Según probó la Corte, en efecto había presencia de las Farc en el caserío El Sande, municipio de Guachavés. Pero nunca hubo combate, y menos uno promovido desde la casa donde murió la religiosa.

“El operativo también se dirigió contra los civiles, a quienes señalaron de ser guerrilleros y amenazaron de muerte; los obligaron a reunirse –tendidos en el piso– en una cancha para que soportaran sin protección una fuerte lluvia, para luego recluirlos en la capilla en donde debieron pasar la noche, incluso los niños, las mujeres y los ancianos, sin abrigo ni alimentos. Algunos fueron obligados a trasladar los cadáveres y sepultarlos”, dijo la Corte.

Los guerrilleros estaban en el río y fueron sorprendidos por la tropa, que abatió a un centinela. “En esas condiciones ningún objeto tenía disparar contra los civiles en varias direcciones, puesto que era absolutamente previsible el resultado lesivo que se produjo”, dijeron los magistrados.

Aunque los guerrilleros huyeron y dejaron abandonadas sus armas junto al río, la Justicia Penal Militar no cuestionó la versión dada por el teniente que comandaba la patrulla de un intenso enfrentamiento. A uno de los campesinos asesinados, reconocido líder comunitario, los militares le acomodaron un fusil y aseguraron que era guerrillero, según se probó en el expediente.

“De entrada debió advertir la Justicia Penal Militar que los hechos no correspondían a actos propios del servicio o que fuesen consecuencia de éstos y de esa forma facultaran la intervención de esa jurisdicción, pues, debe destacarse que resulta por demás irracional considerar que es deber de los miembros de la fuerza pública o que deriva de las funciones asignadas a los cuerpos armados, ejecutar sin formula de juicio a las personas”, cuestionó la Corte.

También aseguró que no se entiende como el Comando de la Tercera División en Cali, que actuó como segunda instancia, no advirtió las enormes fallas de la investigación del juez militar.

“De ninguna manera se esclareció por qué si los guerrilleros estaban concentrados en la casa de Ramón Rojas y en el río, los militares dispararon el múltiples direcciones, incluso a blancos ubicados a mucha distancia de esa morada y del arroyo; o por qué si se trataba de un combate los subversivos dejaron abandonadas sus pertenencias y especialmente las armas de fuego y las municiones que se suponía estaban utilizando en la refriega; tampoco se aclaró por qué fue manipulada la escena, al extremo de que los oficiales obligaron a los civiles a inhumar los cadáveres, impidiendo verificar en qué circunstancias fallecieron las personas reportadas, especialmente José Ramón Rojas, Hildegard María Feldman y Hernando García; y no se investigó el sometimiento de los civiles a tratos degradantes, crueles e inhumanos por parte de la fuerza pública, aspectos que tampoco fueron controvertidos por los sujetos procesales”, dice la Corte.

Y agrega: “Escasa fue la labor del Tribunal Superior Militar, al conocer en grado jurisdiccional de consulta, porque limitó su exposición a reiterar lo dicho por la primera instancia, sin preocuparse por los aspectos relevantes, constituidos por las muertes de los civiles, atendiendo únicamente la versión de los uniformados, a la que, sin reservas, le otorgó absoluta credibilidad sin valorar los testimonios de los habitantes de El Sande, que fueron también testigos directos de los hechos”.

Los magistrados dicen que “la Justicia Penal Militar no adelantó una investigación seria e imparcial, se cesó el procedimiento de forma apresurada a favor de todos los implicados, buscando dejar impunes los hechos”.

La decisión señala que “José Ramón Rojas Erazo, Hildegard María Feldman y Hernando García Zambrano no agredieron a los integrantes del Ejército Nacional que ingresaron al caserío de El Sande (…) sino que fallecieron como consecuencia de la arremetida que sin requerimiento previo emprendieron en su contra los uniformados, ejecutándolos en la más absoluta indefensión, incluso cuando uno de ellos apenas trataba de ocultarse entre unas rocas. Ello sin contar con que los militares saquearon el centro de salud del pequeño poblado”.

REDACCIÓN JUSTICIA

GUARANTORS ASK ELN FOR CEASE-FIRE, HOSTAGE RELEASE; PLAN TO EXPAND GUARANTOR GROUP, WANT U.S. CONTACT

Wednesday, February 23rd, 2011

ID 06BOGOTA1145
SUBJECT GUARANTORS ASK ELN FOR CEASE-FIRE, HOSTAGE
DATE 2006-02-07 21:09:00
CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL
ORIGIN Embassy Bogota
TEXT C O N F I D E N T I A L BOGOTA 001145

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/03/2016
TAGS: PGOV PTER CO
SUBJECT: GUARANTORS ASK ELN FOR CEASE-FIRE, HOSTAGE
RELEASE; PLAN TO EXPAND GUARANTOR GROUP, WANT U.S. CONTACT

REF: BOGOTA 860

Classified By: Ambassador William B. Wood
Reason: 1.4 (b,d)

——-
Summary

——-

¶1. (C) GOC-ELN civil society guarantor Moritz Akerman said
the guarantors sent the ELN a proposal February 2 that would
require the guerrillas to “suspend definitively” all
kidnappings and release all hostages within 90 days. In
return, the proposal provides that the GOC would allow an ELN
negotiating team freedom of movement in Colombia and perhaps
overseas. Akerman said he had planned to visit Caracas to
present the proposal to ELN military commander Antonio
Garcia, but Garcia asked him not to do so because Venezuelan
President Chavez had asked Garcia to maintain a low profile
in Caracas and an Akerman visit would have attracted media
attention. According to Akerman, the ELN wants to move the
talks from Cuba for propaganda and financial reasons, as well
as to avoid pressure from the Cuban intelligence services.
The Cubans told the ELN that it should not conclude a deal
with the GOC without FARC approval, Akerman reported. The
agenda for the February 17-28 session in Havana remains
unclear, although the ELN might ask to travel to Norway,
SWITZERLAND, and Spain during this period. Akerman said the
Norwegians are considering financial support for the process
but want to be sure the ELN is “irreversibly” committed to
peace. Akerman said the guarantor group would add at least
four prominent Colombians to counter concerns it was too
leftist. He said the ELN wants to open a direct channel to
the U.S. End summary.

——————————————— ——-
GUARANTORS MAKE CEASE-FIRE AND HOSTAGE PROPOSAL TO ELN
——————————————— ——-

¶2. (C) GOC-ELN civil society guarantor Moritz Akerman told
D/Polcouns February 2 that the guarantors had delivered a
cease-fire and hostage proposal to the ELN and would discuss
it with ELN military commander Antonio Garcia beginning
February 9 in Havana. According to Akerman, the proposal
would require the ELN to announce a “definitive suspension”
of kidnappings and a commitment to release all ELN hostages
within 90 days. In return, the guarantors propose that the
GOC allow the ELN to form a “negotiating commission” of about
5 people, who would have the freedom to travel within
Colombia (and perhaps overseas) on peace process-related
issues. (Akerman was vague about whether the guarantors also
gave the proposal to the GOC.) Akerman said the ELN’s
reaction to the proposal would be a test of its sincerity.
Akerman would not be concerned if the ELN countered with its
own proposal, but would be disappointed if it rejected the
proposal out of hand. Akerman said his initial plan was to
travel to Caracas on February 2 and present the proposal to
Garcia personally, but Garcia told him not to do so because
Hugo Chavez wants Garcia to maintain a low profile in
Venezuela.

——————————————— —
ELN ANXIOUS TO MOVE TALKS FROM CUBA, WANT MONEY
——————————————— —

¶3. (C) Akerman said the ELN wants to move the talks out of
Cuba, in part for propaganda and financial reasons and in
part because the Cuban intelligence services are putting
pressure on the ELN not to conclude a deal with the GOC
without FARC approval. In Akerman’s view, the ELN is
interested in the publicity and money-raising possibilities
that being in a European country might offer. They want to
explore the possibility of altering the ELN’s EU designation
as a terrorist organization. Akerman said the ELN would be
satisfied with an EU statement at the appropriate time —
following a cease-fire and hostage release — that alluded to
“beginning the process of reexamining” the terrorist
designation rather than an outright reversal of the decision.
Akerman confided that Garcia had expelled Ramiro Vargas from
the ELN’s negotiating team because Garcia learned that Vargas
was informing the Cubans and the FARC of developments. The
Cubans told the ELN on more than one occasion it should not
reach an agreement with the GOC without FARC approval.

Akerman said Vargas’ removal had elevated Francisco Galan to
the second most important figure in the ELN team, a
development that Akerman regarded as positive.

¶4. (C) According to Akerman, the Norwegians recently told
the ELN they would consider financial support for the process
only if they were convinced the ELN was “irreversibly”
committed to peace, and the Norwegian Foreign Ministry’s
Acting Director General for Latin America, Herbeth Linder,
recently visited Colombia and met with the ELN. Linder and
Peace Commissioner Restrepo’s deputy Eduardo Herrera told
polcouns the same thing a few days earlier (reftel). Akerman
expects Norwegian officials to visit again in the near future
to further discuss ELN financial requests. Akerman said the
ELN has three principal financial needs: monthly payments for
up to 5,000 guerrillas (GOC estimates of ELN strength are
well below this figure); a fund for ELN political activities;
and subsidies for the ELN negotiating team’s travel and other
incidental expenses. In Akerman’s view, at some point the
ELN’s financial requirements have to be addressed. He noted
that demobilized paramilitaries have been assisted with
government stipends, but only in the context of their
demobilizations.

—————————————-
TALKS RESUME FEBRUARY 17, AGENDA UNCLEAR
—————————————-

¶5. (C) Akerman said the talks resume in Havana February 17
and are scheduled to last until February 28. The ELN has
been making some substantive proposals (e.g., on the roles of
the accompanying countries) but the GOC has not responded.
Akerman understands the GOC wants to secure a cease-fire
before moving forward on a substantive agenda. Akerman said
he expects the ELN to request permission to travel during the
February 17-28 session, to Norway to discuss financial
issues, to SWITZERLAND to address humanitarian and hostages
concerns, and to Spain to address political matters.

—————————————
COMPOSITION OF GUARANTOR GROUP CHANGING
—————————————

¶6. (C) Akerman said only four of the five guarantors would
travel to Havana February 9; guarantor Daniel Garcia-Pena has
dropped out of the group because he is running for political
office in the March congressional elections. (If Garcia-Pena
loses, Akerman said, he might return as a guarantor.) The
guarantors are expanding from the original five to at least
eight. Akerman reported that four prominent Colombians have
agreed to serve as guarantors but will not be incorporated
immediately: former foreign minister Maria Emma Mejia;
Director of El Colombiano newspaper Ana Mercedes Gomez;
Father HoracioOrango; and industrialist Ricardo Correa. All
have accepted the guarantors’ offer to join them (Father
Orango is awaiting approval from Church authorities, while
Maria Emma Mejia will travel to Havana February 9 as a
“friend” of the process). Akerman explained that there was a
sense the guarantor group was too leftist, hence the effort
to include other sectors of society. He said the ELN’s
Francisco Galan is pleased to see the expansion, despite a
private letter from guarantor Alejo Vargas to Antonio Garcia
warning against the “bourgeois” and “elitist” nature of the
newcomers. According to Akerman, the ELN would like to see
human rights activist Gloria Flores join the guarantors.
Akerman said Flores is known to be very close to the ELN.
For their part, the guarantors will not ask her to
participate unless one of the four newcomers backs out,
Akerman said.

—————————————–
ELN INTERESTED IN OPENING CHANNEL TO U.S.
—————————————–

¶7. (C) Akerman reported that the ELN wants to open a direct
channel to the U.S., perhaps by sending a letter to
Ambassador Wood. Antonio Garcia asked Akerman to help draft
the letter, he said. Akerman understands that the ELN would
suggest in the letter areas of possible cooperation with the
U.S. in the fight against narcotics trafficking. (Gabriel
Garcia Marquez, who has contact with the ELN, has sought a
meeting with the Ambassador.)
WOOD
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GOC-ELN EXPLORATORY TALKS MAKE STEADY PROGRESS, RESUME IN APRIL; ELN CALLS ON COLOMBIANS TO VOTE IN MARCH 12 ELECTIONS

Wednesday, February 23rd, 2011

ID 06BOGOTA1965
SUBJECT GOC-ELN EXPLORATORY TALKS MAKE STEADY PROGRESS,
DATE 2006-03-03 22:10:00
CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL
ORIGIN Embassy Bogota
TEXT C O N F I D E N T I A L BOGOTA 001965

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/03/2016
TAGS: PGOV PTER PREL PINR CO
SUBJECT: GOC-ELN EXPLORATORY TALKS MAKE STEADY PROGRESS,
RESUME IN APRIL; ELN CALLS ON COLOMBIANS TO VOTE IN MARCH
12 ELECTIONS

REF: BOGOTA 1145 AND PREVIOUS

Classified By: Ambassador William B. Wood
Reason: 1.4 (b,d)

——-
SUMMARY
——-

¶1. (C) The latest round of exploratory talks between the GOC
and ELN ended February 28 in Havana. The GOC-ELN joint
statement issued February 27 characterized the talks as
“satisfactory” and said they would resume in early April,
again in Havana. Other participants and observers told us
the talks made steady progress. Civil society guarantor
Moritz Akerman was optimistic, saying the talks moved forward
on defining modalities for the next session, including a
“working group” to handle the tough issues. He said the
guarantor group would expand shortly. A close observer from
the Catholic Church, who also attended the talks, was more
skeptical, saying neither party seemed to have a clear
strategy beyond seeking short term political advantage. The
GOC conceded “political” status to ELN negotiators, which
allows them to travel within Colombia and abroad and
insulates them from arrest while the talks continue. The ELN
negotiators plan to use this status to travel to Europe in
the near future. The GOC’s reluctance to concede the
political status almost led to the talks breaking down.
Akerman told us that ELN military commander Antonio Garcia
asked him to “tell the Americans to pay close attention” to
the talks. The guarantor also said Garcia regarded a
guarantor proposal to the ELN on kidnappings (reftel) as
positive but premature. On March 2, the ELN called on
Colombians to vote in the March 12 congressional elections
and said it would suspend military action for a few hours
before and after voting time. End summary.

——————————————— ——-
STATEMENT SAYS TALKS CONCLUDE IN SATISFACTORY MANNER
——————————————— ——-

¶2. (C) A GOC-ELN statement dated February 27 said the most
recent round of exploratory talks in Havana concluded in a
“satisfactory” manner. The statement said the parties met
their objectives, which were to define further their
proposals on the peace process in general and the agenda for
subsequent sessions. The statement thanked the Governments
of Cuba and Venezuela for their assistance, and the
Governments of accompanying countries” Spain, Norway, and
SWITZERLAND for their participation. The exploratory
phase of talks will resume in early April, again in Havana.
The statement did not mention the fact that the GOC agreed to
concede “political status” to two ELN negotiators (apparently
militarycommander Antonio Garcia and alias “Ramiro Vargas.”)
This status would allow the ELN negotiators to travel
without fear of arrest, according to press reports. Leading
daily El Tiempo reported March 1 that the ELN wanted to use
the status to visit Europe.

————————————
STEADT PROGRESS, BUT NO BREAKTHROUGH
————————————

¶3. (C) The talks made steady progress but did not result in
a breakthrough, according to participants and observers.
Civil society guarantor Moritz Akerman told D/Polcouns that
the agreement was “very good,” because it talks about a
“peace process” for the first time. Akerman said the parties
agreed to establish a working group-type mechanism (“mesa
alternativa”) for the next round of talks, which would enable
especially difficult issues to be thrashed out prior to
reaching the main negotiators. According to Akerman, the
guarantors would play a role in the “mesa alternativa.” He
also said the GOC and ELN agreed to a formal role in the
talks for the “accompanying countries” (who are to be called
“international observers”).

¶4. (C) Akerman said the guarantors group still intends to
expand (reftel). Three new guarantors will soon be
announced: former foreign minister Maria Emma Mejia, Father
Horacio Orango, and El Colombiano editor Ana Mercedes Gomez

(who still needs permission from her publisher employer). He
noted that the guarantors are exploring moving the talks to
Panama and are in touch with Panamanian interlocutors.

¶5. (C) Akerman said he was concerned the talks were headed
for trouble late on February 22, when Garcia called him on
the cell phone to say the GOC was refusing to concede the ELN
negotiators “political” status that would enable them to
travel. According to Akerman, Garcia said, “tell the
Americans that they should pay close attention to this
matter.” Akerman understood from this comment that Garcia
was suggesting the U.S. help persuade the GOC to grant
political status to the negotiators. (Akerman relayed this
information to us on February 24, by which time the GOC and
ELN had reached agreement.) Akerman also said Garcia told
him the guarantor proposal to the ELN on kidnappings was
positive but premature (reftel).

¶6. (C) Lead Catholic Church negotiator Father Dario
Echeverri, who was also in Havana for the talks, told
Polcouns he believes neither the ELN nor the GOC have a clear
strategy for the talks beyond seeking short-term political
advantages. He said the ELN wanted to move the talks to
Europe beginning March 28, and argued the GOC is correct to
insist on a “very big concession” from the ELN before it
agrees to such a move. According to Echeverri, the ELN wants
the GOC to release captured Valle del Cauca commander, alias
“El Viejo,” to join ELN spokesman Francisco Galan at the
House of Peace in Antioquia for further civil society
consultations. In Echeverri’s view, the House of Peace
initiative educates the ELN on the negative impression most
Colombians have of the guerrilla organization. Echeverri said
he was very impressed by a new ELN negotiator in Havana,
alias “Moises,” from Norte de Santander.

——————————————— ——–
ELN CALLS ON COLOMBIANS TO VOTE IN MARCH 12 ELECTIONS
——————————————— ——–

¶7. (C) On March 2, the ELN,s Garcia called on the Colombian
population to vote in the March 12 Congressional elections
and promised to suspend any military action that could
interfere with voting for a few hours before and after the
election. He made these statements in Cuba during a
teleconference with journalists in Medellin. Some Colombian
analysts see the ELN,s new attitude toward elections as an
indicator of the group,s willingness to move forward with
the peace process and as a sign of the ELN distancing itself
from the FARC. Others remain skeptical. Garcia denied the
ELN had any favored candidates or parties, but encouraged the
population to vote for candidates &committed to peace and
who are willing to support necessary changes8 in the
country.

——-
COMMENT
——-

¶8. (C) The fact that exploratory “talks about talks” will
continue is a good sign, but Embassy is inclined to accept
Echeverri’s account as more realistic. Foreign Minister
Barco told Polcouns that the GOC remains skeptical of ELN
intentions and does not want to get embroiled in a long,
complicated process with too many moving parts — something
the ELN has been partial to during past attempts at peace.
Both Echeverri and members of Peace Commissioner Restrepo’s
team report that ELN commander Garcia was very tough and
intransigent at the negotiating table. Garcia’s interest in
ensuring the U.S. was informed of what he viewed as GOC
stubbornness is an interesting sidebar but Embassy believes
we should take our cue from the GOC with respect to any
future involvement in the process.
WOOD

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Schüsse auf Redaktion in Mexiko

Wednesday, June 23rd, 2010

Bewaffnete Männer feuerten am Dienstag in Mexiko während mehrere Minuten aufs Gebäude einer Zeitung und verletzten die Receptionistin. Ziel war «El Sol de La Laguna», berichtet Associated Press (AP).

Die Zeitung liegt in Torreón, im nördlichen Staat Coahuila. Die Schiesserei ist nicht die erste Gewalttat gegen die Presse in Coahuila. Am 18. August 2009 wurde die Zeitung «El Siglo de Torreón» das Opfer einer ähnlichen Aktion.

In anderen Staaten Mexikos wurden immer wieder Zeitungen und TV-Stationen Ziel von Gewalt. Die Täter stammen meist von Drogenkartellen, die sich in Mexiko seit Jahren ausbreiten.


Größere Kartenansicht

Todesschwadronen finanziert? Bruder von Kolumbiens Präsidenten in Nöten

Monday, May 24th, 2010

Die «Washington Post» berichtete in ihrer Montagsausgabe, dass Santiago Uribe Vélez in Yarumal Paramilitärs finanziert und befehligt habe. Santiago Uribe ist der Bruder des Präsidenten Kolumbiens, Álvaro Uribe. Auch er wurde immer wieder verdächtigt, mit Paramilitärs unter einer Decke zu stecken.

Die «Post» stützt sich dabei unter anderem auf ein per Video dokumentiertes Geständnis des Ex-Polizei-Mayors Juan Carlos Meneses Quintero, der von Santiago Uribe in den 90-Jahren die Anweisung bekam, sich aus den Affären seiner Todesschwadronen rauszuhalten. Sie führten in Yarumal eine «limpieza social» durch.

Der «gesellschaftlichen Reinigung» fielen zuerst Kleinkriminelle und Drogensüchtige zum Opfer, später waren Gewerkschafter und Guerilla-Sympathisanten dran, aber auch völlig unbeteiligte Personen.

Da etliche Mitglieder der Todesschwadronen in letzter Zeit umgebracht wurden, floh Meneses ins Ausland und packte nun in Argentinien aus.

Die Aussagen über Álvaro Uribes Bruder dürfte die kommenden Präsidentschaftswahlen Kolumbiens beeinflussen. Nächste Woche wird dort die Nachfolge von Álvaro Uribe bestimmt.

Yarumal im Departement Antioquia, Kolumbien:


Größere Kartenansicht

CH-Lehrer-Mobbing in Relation zu Kolumbien

Sunday, May 16th, 2010

Heute hat der «Sonntag» eine Titelgeschichte über Lehrer-Mobbing in Facebook gebracht. Natürlich ist die virtuelle Pöbelei nicht schön.

Dabei ist mir aber einfach eine Meldung von «El Tiempo» in den Sinn gekommen, welche die Facebook-Story ein wenig einzuordnen hilft: In Kolumbien verzeichnete man 2009 alleine vier Morde an Lehrern, dieses Jahr sind es schon drei, berichtet die Lehrergewerkschaft Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de la Educación del Valle (Sutev).

Alles ganz real, nichts Virtuelles dort.

Die letzten zwei Todesfälle ereigneten sich im Departement Valle del Cauca, mit seiner Hauptstadt Santiago de Cali – bekannt als die Hauptstadt des Salsas. Dort allein wurden 2008 80 Lehrkräfte bedroht. 2009 waren es 170 und dieses Jahr sind es schon 30.

Santiago de Cali (oder einfach nur Cali) in der Provinz Valle del Cauca:


Größere Kartenansicht

4 Militärs, 193 Jahre Knast

Saturday, May 15th, 2010

Sie zerrten ihn aus der Hütte und behaupteten, er sei ein Guerillero. Dann erschossen die vier kolumbianischen Armeeangehörigen den Bauern Luis Sandoval aus Chita im Departement Boyacá.

Die Provinz Boyacá im Nordosten Kolumbiens:


Größere Kartenansicht

Für das Verbrechen erhielt ein Gefreiter 58 Jahre, die drei Soldaten je 45 Jahre Gefängnis, vermeldete der zuständige Staatsanwalt. Die Meldung ist u.a. bei «El Tiempo» nachzulesen.